The Tudor Rose was the emblem of the Tudors and represented the fusion of the White rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster. An important emblem the Tudor Rose marked the devastating Wars of the Roses.
None more so than those of the Tudor period, whose mantra is the Protestant Reformation, the rise of Parliament, and the institutions and mentality of the common law. Yet the political agenda of the Tudor and leading European monarchies shared common elements: Commercial transactions, notably banking, were pan-European, as was the circulation of knowledge in classical languages, philosophy, theology, civil law and medicine.
Most were imported from the European printing centres or produced by Flemish or French craftsmen. An indigenous book trade developed late in England: Andrew Pettegree has questioned whether the English book world had the technical capacity to enable people to enter the Reformation debates in any meaningful way before the s.
Most obviously, artists, sculptors and musicians were brought by the Court and nobility from the Netherlands, France, Germany and sometimes Italy. Religious historians have questioned the popularity and even the existence of the Tudor Reformation. There are obvious pitfalls in adopting a descriptive terminology that might properly be said to belong to art history.
Lastly, I mean a model in which administrative power radiated outwards from the Court. There was overlap of membership and agenda between these collateral councils, but none functioned as the chief political and executive agency in the state independently of the ruler.
It was not divided into collateral political and administrative components, and even if it met geographically within the precincts of the royal Court, it was not subsumed politically by the Court.
I shall begin with the Court and its culture, since early-modern monarchy was centred there. Simple to define in theory, this was in practice kaleidoscopic: At a national level, they reinforced ideals of politeness, public duty and social discipline.
Etiquette based on clarity, dignity and decorum was obligatory. By the s, classical styles were commonplace in England. Thereafter, construction works at the royal palaces were confined to routine maintenance, improvements to fortifications, and the occasional special venue of ceremonial display.
The trend began with Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, who built a sumptuous Italianate house in Norfolk called Mountsurrey, demolished two years after his execution. Philip was a patron of Titian, and commissioned a portrait of himself at the time of the marriage negotiations in Titian subsequently worked on the theme of Venus and Adonis for presentation to Mary, and another project was Jason and Medea, dropped when someone, possibly the Spanish ambassador, realized that this was an unsuitable subject for a gift to a foreign bride.
This contrasts with France, where classical and Roman-imperial images characterized indoor and outdoor events. When Henri II entered Rouen inhe did so through a Roman imperial arch adorned to celebrate his martial exploits.
It stemmed partly from the activities of the humanist-classical circle around Sir John Cheke in Cambridge and at the Edwardian Court, which consciously championed the remodelling of the vernacular in an attempt to construct a national identity.
They committed themselves to a project of linguistic purification and reform whereby imports of classical vocabulary would be rejected. Although a link between the reform of language and the official Protestant Reformation is likely, Cathy Shrank has argued that what was at issue was the centralising urge to imagine and refashion one nation speaking, reading and understanding one tongue:KS3 History Tudors and Stuarts (15th to 17th century) learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers.
History of Enlgand, a unique a stimulating look at the history of England. From Kings & Queens, to Wars and Religion. Jul 25, · Tudors and Stuarts has 11 ratings and 1 review.
From battles and beheadings, to plots and plague, this book tells the story of life in Britain under the /5. A website providing information on Tudor History () and Stuart History (). Includes information on all the Kings and Queens, important people and event, links to websites of interest, books, pictures, and more.
A website providing information on Tudor History () and Stuart History ().
Includes information on all the Kings and Queens, important people and event, links to websites of interest, books, pictures, and more. Detailed background notes to the Stuart period which is one of the most dynamic and interesting in English History.
Summary of events during the 17 th Century. English Kings and Queens now of Scottish birth, the Tudors were Welsh.