JohnMello is a writer, composer, musician and the author of books for children and adults. A painting of Beethoven in his home working at his piano Source What does the word Baroque really mean? In the music of the time this can be seen through the use of various ornaments such as mordents, inverted mordents, trills, turns and so on, devices that became used more sparingly in the Classical period and beyond. There is another point to remember about these decorative devices in terms of piano or keyboard music.
Visit Website The Rise of Athens The defeat of the Persians marked the beginning of Athenian political, economic, and cultural dominance. Other legislators were chosen randomly by lot, not by election.
To protect far-flung Greek territories from Persian interference, Athens organized a confederacy of allies that it called the Delian League in B.
Athens Under Pericles In the s, the Athenian general Pericles consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor.
Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year. For example, Pericles paid modest wages to jurors and members of the ekklesia so that, in theory, everyone who was eligible could afford to participate in the public life of the demokratia.
Art and Architecture Pericles also used the tribute money to support Athenian artists and thinkers. For instance, he paid to rebuild the parts of Athens that the Persian Wars had destroyed.
The result was the magnificent Parthenona new temple in honor of the goddess Athena at the Acropolis. Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica.
Likewise, Pericles paid for the annual production of comedic and dramatic plays at the Acropolis. Wealthy people offset some of these costs by paying voluntary taxes called liturgies. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.
These plays, like the Parthenon, still epitomize the cultural achievements of classical Greece.
Along with the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides and the ideas of the physician Hippokrates, they are defined by logic, pattern and order, and they have in common a faith in humanism above all else. These are the attributes that today aer associated with the art, the culture and even the politics of the era.
The Peloponnesian War Unfortunately, none of these cultural achievements translated into political stability. Athenian imperialism had alienated its partners in the Delian League, particularly Sparta, and this conflict played out in the decades-long Peloponnesian War — B.
The eventual Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War meant that Athens lost its political primacy, but Athenian cultural life—the essence of classical Greece—continued apace in the fourth century B.
By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire.For these people, classical music is music from the classical period. But we’re not really serious, are we?
Well I’m not, anyway! So what is the classical period? The classical period is between the baroque and romantic periods. This means that music from the classical period is music composed between about to The greatest .
Romantic German composer who developed the Romantic style of both lyrical and classical music () Richard Wagner German composer of operas and inventor of the music drama in which drama and spectacle and music are fused ().
But the Classical era in the history of music specifically refers to the period when composers such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven were active, championing the symphony, composing comic operas, and developing the piano sonata.
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Defined as a time period in the history of western music, the Classical era begins about and ends around , overlapping a little with the surrounding periods of late Baroque and early Romantic music. The term ‘Classical Music’ has two meanings: used to describe any music which is supposedly ‘heavy’ (as opposed to pop or jazz as in ‘I can’t stand classical music’) and also a certain period in the development of music, the Classical era.