Side effects and treatments of asthma

Get a better understanding of how asthma medications work and learn about natural asthma remedies as well as ways to monitor your breathing at home. Asthma Treatment Options Early and aggressive asthma treatment is key to relieving symptoms and preventing asthma attacks.

Side effects and treatments of asthma

Mild symptoms up to two days a week and up to two nights a month Mild persistent Symptoms more than twice a week, but no more than once in a single day Moderate persistent Symptoms once a day and more than one night a week Severe persistent Symptoms throughout the day on most days and frequently at night Side effects and treatments of asthma Prevention and long-term control are key in stopping asthma attacks before they start.

Treatment usually involves learning to recognize your triggers, taking steps to avoid them and tracking your breathing to make sure your daily asthma medications are keeping symptoms under control.

In case of an asthma flare-up, you may need to use a quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol. Medications The right medications for you depend on a number of things — your age, symptoms, asthma triggers and what works best to keep your asthma under control.

Preventive, long-term control medications reduce the inflammation in your airways that leads to symptoms. Quick-relief inhalers bronchodilators quickly open swollen airways that are limiting breathing.

In some cases, allergy medications are necessary. Long-term asthma control medications, generally taken daily, are the cornerstone of asthma treatment. These medications keep asthma under control on a day-to-day basis and make it less likely you'll have an asthma attack.

Side effects and treatments of asthma

Types of long-term control medications include: You may need to use these medications for several days to weeks before they reach their maximum benefit. Unlike oral corticosteroids, these corticosteroid medications have a relatively low risk of side effects and are generally safe for long-term use.

Alternative treatments for asthma. Instead of inhalers, what can asthma patients do to reduce the effects of the condition? As many as 40 percent of people with an allergic disease or asthma will have tried a natural remedy, aside from conventional medicines and inhalers that are already available. In this article, we examine how prednisone helps with treatment of asthma, along with the side effects that it can cause. We also look at the alternative treatment options that are available. As with all drugs, there are a number of side effects associated with asthma medications. In most cases, the drugs will be well tolerated, and the benefits of treatment will far outweigh the consequences.

These oral medications — including montelukast Singulairzafirlukast Accolate and zileuton Zyflo — help relieve asthma symptoms for up to 24 hours. In rare cases, these medications have been linked to psychological reactions, such as agitation, aggression, hallucinations, depression and suicidal thinking.

Seek medical advice right away for any unusual reaction. These inhaled medications, which include salmeterol Serevent and formoterol Foradil, Perforomistopen the airways. Some research shows that they may increase the risk of a severe asthma attack, so take them only in combination with an inhaled corticosteroid.

And because these drugs can mask asthma deterioration, don't use them for an acute asthma attack. These medications — such as fluticasone-salmeterol Advair Diskusbudesonide-formoterol Symbicort and formoterol-mometasone Dulera — contain a long-acting beta agonist along with a corticosteroid.

Because these combination inhalers contain long-acting beta agonists, they may increase your risk of having a severe asthma attack. Theophylline Theo, Elixophyllin, others is a daily pill that helps keep the airways open bronchodilator by relaxing the muscles around the airways.

It's not used as often now as in past years. Quick-relief rescue medications are used as needed for rapid, short-term symptom relief during an asthma attack — or before exercise if your doctor recommends it. Types of quick-relief medications include: These inhaled, quick-relief bronchodilators act within minutes to rapidly ease symptoms during an asthma attack.

Short-acting beta agonists can be taken using a portable, hand-held inhaler or a nebulizer — a machine that converts asthma medications to a fine mist — so that they can be inhaled through a face mask or a mouthpiece.

Like other bronchodilators, ipratropium acts quickly to immediately relax your airways, making it easier to breathe. Ipratropium is mostly used for emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but it's sometimes used to treat asthma attacks. Oral and intravenous corticosteroids.

These medications — which include prednisone and methylprednisolone — relieve airway inflammation caused by severe asthma.

They can cause serious side effects when used long term, so they're used only on a short-term basis to treat severe asthma symptoms.

If you have an asthma flare-up, a quick-relief inhaler can ease your symptoms right away. But if your long-term control medications are working properly, you shouldn't need to use your quick-relief inhaler very often.

Keep a record of how many puffs you use each week. If you need to use your quick-relief inhaler more often than your doctor recommends, see your doctor. You probably need to adjust your long-term control medication.

Allergy medications may help if your asthma is triggered or worsened by allergies. Over time, allergy shots gradually reduce your immune system reaction to specific allergens. You generally receive shots once a week for a few months, then once a month for a period of three to five years.

Asthma – causes, side effects and treatments at

This medication, given as an injection every two to four weeks, is specifically for people who have allergies and severe asthma. It acts by altering the immune system. Bronchial thermoplasty This treatment — which isn't widely available nor right for everyone — is used for severe asthma that doesn't improve with inhaled corticosteroids or other long-term asthma medications.

Generally, over the span of three outpatient visits, bronchial thermoplasty heats the insides of the airways in the lungs with an electrode, reducing the smooth muscle inside the airways.It's recommended for people with moderate to severe allergic asthma.

Side effects may include redness, pain, swelling, bruising or itching at the injection site, joint pain, and tiredness. What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways of the lungs. During normal breathing, the bands of muscle that surround the airways are relaxed and air .

Long-term asthma control medications, generally taken daily, are the cornerstone of asthma treatment. These medications keep asthma under control on a day-to-day basis and make it less likely you'll have an asthma attack.

Side effects and treatments of asthma

Types of long-term control medications include: Inhaled corticosteroids. Asthma inhalers, medicines and treatments This section will answer questions you may have about your asthma medicines: how they work, the best way to take them, and how to weigh up the pros and cons of taking them so you feel more confident.

Eosinophilic asthma patients have limited treatment options and often rely on oral steroids to manage their symptoms, which can lead to serious side effects. Elevated levels of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, are seen in about half of severe asthma patients and results in inflammation, increased asthma severity, decreased lung function and increased risk of exacerbations.

Side effects include severe nausea or vomiting, tremors, muscle twitching, seizures, severe weakness or confusion, and irregular heartbeat.

Less severe side effects include heartburn, loss of appetite, upset stomach, nervousness, restlessness, insomnia, headache, and loose bowel movements.

Asthma | Cleveland Clinic