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He continued to preach the principle of equality for women, the prohibition of Sati and the practise of Langar. Guru Amar Das also trained apostles, of which 52 were women, to manage the rapid expansion of the religion.
It is recorded that before becoming a Sikh, Bhai Amar Das, as he was known at the time, was a very religious Vaishanavite Hindu who spent most of his life performing all of the ritual pilgrimages and fasts of a devout Hindu. Bhai Sahib was so impressed Punjabi century summary moved by these Shabads that he immediately decided to Punjabi century summary to see Guru Angad at Khadur Sahib.
It is recorded that this event took place when Bhai Sahib was 61 years old. Soon he became involved in Sewa Service to the Guru and the Community. He adopted Guru as his spiritual guide Guru.
Bhai Sahib began to live at Khadur Sahib, where he used to rise early in the morning and bring water from the Beas River for the Guru's bath; he would wash the Guru's clothes and fetch wood from the jungle for 'Guru ka Langar'.
He was so dedicated to Sewa and the Guru and had completely extinguished pride and was totally lost in this commitment that he was considered an old man who had no interest in life; he was dubbed Amru, and generally forsaken.
He established his headquarters at the newly built town of Goindwal, which Guru Angad had established.
Soon large numbers of Sikhs started flocking to Goindwal to see the new Guru. Here, Guru Amar Das propagated the Sikh faith in a vigorous, systematic and planned manner. He divided the Sikh Sangat area into 22 preaching centres or Manjis, each under the charge of a devout Sikh. He himself visited and sent Sikh missionaries to different parts of India to spread Sikhism.
Before leaving, Guru Amar Das prescribed the following routine for Sikhs: He must rise in the early hours and bathe in the holy tank.
He must meditate on God as advised by the Guru. And rid him of the afflictions of sins and evil. As the day dawns, he should recite scriptures, and repeat God's name in every activity. He to whom the Guru takes kindly is shown the path. I seek the dust of the feet of the Guru's Sikh who himself remembers God and makes others remember Him.
Once the emperor Akbar came to see Guru Sahib and he had to eat the coarse rice in the Langar before he could have an interview with Guru Sahib. He was so much impressed with this system that he expressed his desire to grant some royal property for 'Guru ka Langar', but Guru Sahib declined it with respect.
He introduced new birth, marriage and death ceremonies. Thus he raised the status of women and protected the rights of female infants who were killed without question as they were deemed to have no status.
These teachings met with stiff resistance from the Orthodox Hindus. He fixed three Gurpurbs for Sikh celebrations: DiwaliVaisakhi and Maghi. Guru Amar Das not only preached the equality of people irrespective of their caste but he also fostered the idea of women's equality.
He preached strongly against the practice of Sati a Hindu wife burning on her husband's funeral pyre. Guru Amar Das also disapproved of a young widow remaining unmarried for the rest of her life.
Guru Amar Das constructed "Baoli" at Goindwal Sahib having eighty-four steps and made it a Sikh pilgrimage centre for the first time in the history of Sikhism. He reproduced more copies of the hymns of Guru Nanak and Guru Angad. He also composed according to some chronicles these were verses stanzas including Anand Sahiband then later on Guru Arjan fifth Guru made all the Shabads part of Guru Granth Sahib.
When the time came for the Guru's younger daughter Bibi Bhani to marry, he selected a pious and diligent young follower of his called Jetha from Lahore. Jetha had come to visit the Guru with a party of pilgrims from Lahore and had become so enchanted by the Guru's teachings that he had decided to settle in Goindwal.
Here he earned a living selling wheat and would regularly attend the services of Guru Amar Das in his spare time. Guru Amar Das did not consider anyone of his sons fit for Guruship and chose instead his son-in law Guru Ram Das to succeed him.
Guru Ram Das[ edit ] Main article: He was born in Lahore to a Sodhi family of the Khatri clan. They had three sons: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Arjan Dev. Additionally, he was the author of Laava, the hymns of the Marriage Rites, the designer of the Harmandir Sahib, and the planner and creator of the township of Ramdaspur later Amritsar.
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Summary: Offering an important document in the social history of India, this book presents the autobiography of a Punjabi family over the three tumultuous generations that spanned years from the Mutiny to Independence. The Punjabis (Punjabi: پنجابی , ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) or Punjabi people are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, presently divided between Punjab, India and Punjab, Pakistan.
The history of Sikhism started with Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first Guru in the fifteenth century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent.
The religious practices were formalised by Guru Gobind Singh Ji . Punjabi Century Summary: Punjabi Century Pdf Files Download uploaded by Austin Howcroft on November 08 It is a ebook of Punjabi Century that reader can be safe it by your self on yunusemremert.com Just inform you, i dont host pdf downloadable Punjabi Century at yunusemremert.com, this is only book.
Guru Angad is credited in the Sikh tradition with the Gurmukhi script, which is now the standard writing script for Punjabi language in India, in contrast to Punjabi language in Pakistan where now an Arabic script called Nastaliq is the standard.