A One-Day Symposium at the Architectural Association, London Friday 14 March, 10am — 7pm Lecture Hall One hundred years ago Le Corbusier developed Dom-ino, a housing prototype consisting of horizontal slabs and pilotis that reduced the building to its minimum. Never has architecture been stripped so bare.
At 13, he left school to learn his father's trade, namely the engraving and enamelling of watch faces, at the local Ecole des Arts Decoratifs.
It was there that he was taught drawing and the history of art by the influential Charles L'Eplattenier, who, after three years, decided that Le Corbusier should become an architect.
To this end, on his advice, Le Corbusier took a number of trips around Europeduring which he discovered the classical proportions of Greece notably at the Parthenonas well as those used by Andrea Palladio - the leading figure in Venetian Renaissance architecture - along with various forms of popular architecture in southern Europe.
He also worked in several different architectural offices: For other famous Continental architects active at this time, see the Viennese Secessionist Joseph Maria Olbrich ; and the art nouveau designers Victor Horta ; and Hector Guimard This type of design would be his template for the next decade.
Avant-Garde Art in Paris Inhe settled in Paris, where the following year he met the French painter, teacher and writer Amedee Ozenfantwho introduced him to the latest in avant-garde artand with whom he founded Purism and co-wrote the movement's manifesto "Apres le Cubisme".
Inthe pair, along with the poet Paul Dermee, set up the radical review "L'Esprit Nouveau", which championed new ideas in architecture and applied artincluding those of Belgian architect Henri van de Velde and the influential Czech-born architect Adolf Looswhich paved the way for modern designs devoid of all decoration.
Le Corbusier's articles urged a transformation of urban society with a functional progressive architecture, in order to ward off the threat of revolution. He championed the use of modern building methods and mass-produced materials. When writing his articles, Le Corbusier dropped his real name, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, and for the first time adopted his pseudonym.
Many of his articles were collected and published in his book "Vers une architecture"which had a significant impact on mid-century American architecture. A number of American architects - such as Louis I Kahn - were introduced to modernist designs through Le Corbusier's book.
He continued to write for the rest of his life, although many of his basic concepts and ideas remained unchanged throughout his career. Among his most famous publications are: Professional Architect Inafter four years of designing and building nothing, Le Corbusier set up a design studio in Paris, with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret.
He focused on designs for single-family houses or villas, with uncompromising geometric forms and plain facades. One such design, known as the "Citrohan House", which he exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in lateincorporated much of his basic modernist architecture: Other examples of Corbusier villas include those built for: Urban Planning, Social Housing Although focused on domestic architecture, Le Corbusier also produced a wealth of ideas on large-scale housing projects to overcome the urban housing crisis.
Like other modernist architects, he believed that his new architectural forms - like his Immeubles Villas - would raise the quality of life for the lower classes. A true utopian, Le Corbusier also began producing plans for entire cities, like his scheme for a "Contemporary City" for 3 million residents, whose housing centrepiece consisted of a series of story, cruciform skyscrapers, anticipating the residential skyscraper architecture of the Second Chicago School of the s.
Urban planning remained a constant interest.
Inhe showcased his "Plan Voisin" at the Exhibition of Decorative Art in Paris, which called for the clearance of central Paris north of the Seine, and its replacement with futuristic clusters of floor apartment blocks, laid out in an orthogonal grid of streets and parks.
As usual, there were no concessions for local building traditions.The Dom-ino Effect A One-Day Symposium at the Architectural Association, London. Friday 14 March, 10am – 7pm Lecture Hall.
One hundred years ago Le Corbusier developed Dom-ino, a housing prototype consisting of horizontal slabs and pilotis that reduced the building to its minimum. Never has architecture been stripped so bare.
|La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland ; d. Trained as an artist, he travelled extensively through Germany and the East.|
Ozenfant House and Studio - Le Corbusier -“The house and studio in Paris for Le Corbusier’s friend the painter Ozenfant is an early example of ‘minimal’ architecture, Again, because I love this place: Ozenfant House and Studio, Here, in , was a conception of a system of construction which envisaged the problems of post-war reconstruction.
It was only later, in , at the time of the Loucheur Law, that the principles of the Domino House could be applied. Soon Le Corbusier’s social ideals and structural design theories became a reality.
In , he built a workers’ city of 40 houses in the style of the Citrohan house at Pessac, near yunusemremert.com: Oct 06, Le Corbusier’s Domino House project allowed the cladding or ‘skin’ of buildings to be free of the structure.
Discuss this in relation to Le Corbusier’s later work, where concrete is used as the dominant material. Le Corbusier recognizes the virtues present in this simple formulation, especially its ability to allow a wealth section, which adds freedom gained ground in their previous work with Domino structure, pillars and beams of reinforced concrete, free with no drilling ladder forging, following a strict constructive logic.