His imagery of Empire, with its ties of blood and race, asserted continuities. Australians, he believed, were Britons in another part of the world, connected by a crimson line of kinship.
Canadian Labour in Politics, remains a seminal text of Canadian political analysis and in the history of Canadian socialism. In it, you develop what has become known as the "Hartz-Horowitz thesis," a variant of Louis Hartz' "fragment theory" of political culture. Briefly, what was Hartz' theory, and how did it change when your name was added to it?
I had my fifteen minutes. It was and remained a seminal text because it spoke to real needs of the Canadian cultural, political elite, especially at that time. Briefly, Hartz' theory is that the so-called "new societies" that were established by immigrants, or emigrants, from Britain -- the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa -- were fragments, cultural fragments.
In other words they represented, not the whole spectrum of political ideology in the mother country, but a fragment of that culture. So that the United States is a liberal fragment. Hartz argued that although America has had a lot of internal conflict and ideological confusion, it was entirely, insofar as it was at all significant in American life, within the framework of what he calls "Lockean liberalism.
Hartz and McRae suggested that English Canada was another liberal fragment . Latin America and Quebec, on the other hand, were "feudal" fragments founded by emigrants from pre-liberal Spain, Portugal and France. So, where the United States were an entirely liberal fragment, Quebec was a near-monolithic feudal or Tory fragment until the upsurge of liberalism after World War Two, culminating in the 'quiet revolution' of the sixties.
Most interestingly, they suggested that Australia was a radical fragment, because Australia, being founded at the turn of the twentieth century, by English and other British working-class people, privileged, as we might say, a very left-wing, close-to-socialist or social-democratic fragment in Australia.
It is hard to summarize in a few words and I could go on about it for a very long time. So that was Hartz' theory in a nutshell. The Founding of New Societies has pieces on all the fragment cultures. It's one of the most brilliant pieces of work that has ever been done, I think, in political science.
It was very influential and much-condemned and despised and debated in the United States, and it still is. And I might say a little bit more about that in a minute. And "how did it change when my name was added to it"?
Well, it only changed for Canadians, because outside of Canada no one paid attention to my work, and that makes sense, because who pays attention to anything Canadian laughter outside of Canada?
I argued that there was a significant, let's say, 'Tory' or pre-liberal 'remnant' in Canada, and that this is part of the reason that English Canada developed a vibrant and legitimate socialist tradition, in great contrast to the American scene.
Hartz didn't mind having his theory complicated.
McRae was also quite generous about it. But that's basically it.Hartz's fragment thesis was disseminated and elaborated upon for the Canadian context by Gad Horowitz, The Contested Legacy of Louis Hartz.
READ MORE Still Louis Hartz after All These Years: A . Aug 11, · In the book I do take the Hartz-Horowitz thesis to be correct and I build upon it, but I don’t devote much space to defending it or, for that matter, criticizing your work.
I mention you only briefly as representative of those . Gad Horowitz (born ) is a Canadian political scientist.
writing his thesis on Canadian Labor in Politics: and most notably coined the appellation "Red Tory" in his application of Louis Hartz's "fragment theory" to Canadian political culture and ideological development.
Hartz's fragment thesis was disseminated and elaborated upon for the Canadian context by Gad Horowitz, in his essay "Conservatism, Liberalism and Socialism in Canada: An Interpretation" (). Horowitz's influential interpretation was still actively debated into . Aug 11, · In the book I do take the Hartz-Horowitz thesis to be correct and I build upon it, but I don’t devote much space to defending it or, for that matter, criticizing your work.
I mention you only briefly as representative of those who mistakenly refute Hartz-Horowitz. terms of his “fragment” thesis: Australia, an isolated “radical” fragment of British society removed from the dynamism of competing ideas is immobilised by its inheritance, forgetting the past and stifling the future.
2 Others have traced it to earlier.