You may know for sure that you are Mode C, but in fact many newer transponders are Mode S, so check with your manufacturer's documentation. If you have a Garmin GPS, check this spreadsheet for all of the modes supported by your gear. If you know of other reference documents for other equipment send them to us and we'll link to them as well.
Overview and basic terminology[ edit ] A flight planning system may need to produce more than one flight plan for a single flight: Aircraft must also carry some reserve fuel to allow for unforeseen circumstances, such as an inaccurate weather forecast, or air traffic control requiring an aircraft to fly at Flight planning lower-than-optimal altitude due to congestion, or the addition of last-minute passengers whose weight was not accounted for when the flight plan was prepared.
The way in which reserve fuel is determined varies greatly, depending on airline and locality. The most common methods are: US domestic operations conducted under Instrument Flight Rules: The alternate airport is for use in case the destination airport becomes unusable while the flight is in progress due to weather conditions, a strike, a crash, terrorist activity, etc.
This means that when the aircraft gets near the destination airport, it must still have enough alternate fuel and alternate reserve available to fly on to the alternate airport. Since the aircraft is not expected at the alternate airport, it must also have enough holding fuel to circle for a while typically 30 minutes near the alternate airport while a landing slot is found.
It is often considered a good idea to have the alternate some distance away from the destination e. In some cases the destination airport may be so remote e.
There is often more than one possible route between two airports. Subject to safety requirements, commercial airlines generally wish to minimise costs by appropriate choice of route, speed, and height. Payload is the total weight of the passengers, their luggage, and any cargo. A commercial airline makes its money by charging to carry payload.
Operating weight empty is the basic weight of the aircraft when ready for operation, including crew but excluding any payload or usable fuel. Zero fuel weight is the sum of operating weight empty and payload—that is, the laden weight of an aircraft, excluding any usable fuel.
Ramp weight is the weight of an aircraft at the terminal building when ready for departure.
This includes the zero fuel weight and all required fuel. Brake release weight is the weight of an aircraft at the start of a runway, just prior to brake release for takeoff. This is the ramp weight minus any fuel used for taxiing. After taxiing, the pilot lines up the aircraft with the runway and puts the brakes on.
On receiving takeoff clearance, the pilot throttles up the engines and releases the brakes to start accelerating along the runway in preparation for taking off.The RocketRoute flight planning software used in combination with PC’s, MAC’s, Tablets, iPads and Mobile Phones gives accurate, fast and easy instructions for flight planning.
Along with the other key features you can book your landing slot, ground handling and many other parts of your travel. SimBrief's Integrated Dispatch System is the web's most detailed FREE virtual flight planning service. Features include accurate fuel planning for over 90 aircraft types, real world weather forecasts, current NOTAMs, ETOPS planning, several real world airline OFP layouts, and much more!
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iFlightPlanner is the premier online flight planning resource for pilots, providing integrated flight planning with yunusemremert.com and iFlightPlanner for iPad. Check aviation weather, perform flight planning and routing, retrieve certified weather briefs, calculate weight & balance and file flight plans all in one simple process.
Flight planning is the process of producing a flight plan to describe a proposed aircraft flight. It involves two safety-critical aspects: fuel calculation, to ensure that the aircraft can safely reach the destination, and compliance with air traffic control requirements, to minimise the risk of midair collision.
Although planning a cross-country flight can seem like a daunting task, choosing a destination is easy—for the most part. Much of the time, pilots choose to .