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The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective.
There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors.
Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options. Keep the specific content of items independent of one another. Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test.
Finally, designing alternatives that require a high level of discrimination can also contribute to multiple choice items that test higher-order thinking. Additional Resources Burton, Steven J.
Guidelines for University Faculty, Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert.
How can we construct good multiple-choice items? Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2nd edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Validity of a taxonomy of multiple-choice item-writing rules. Applied Measurement in Education, 2 1, Morrison, Susan and Free, Kathleen.
Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. Journal of Nursing Education About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
The Guide to Grammar and Writing contains scores of digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing -- from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays, and a way to submit questions about grammar and writing.
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Multiple choice test questions, also known as items, can be an effective and efficient way to assess learning outcomes. Multiple choice test items have several potential advantages. Essay Quiz 15 Questions - Developed by: Laura - Developed on: - taken - User Rating: of - 5 Votes - 6 people like it Answer true or false to /5(5).