The name "Ethiopia" derives from the Greek ethiomeaning "burned" and piameaning "face":
Ethiopia — History and Culture Save Ethiopia is one of the most heavily populated countries in Africa. Needless to say, it also has one of the richest cultures in the entire continent, and is mostly untouched by foreigners thanks to a long history of independence, broken only by a five-year occupation by the Italians.
Amhara was the dominant ethnic group during the pre-war days, followed by Tigreans. Some degree of influence from neighboring countries like Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea, Yemen, and India, as well as its old Italian dwellers can still be seen in local music, religion and cuisine.
The 4th century BC saw the Aksumite Empire take over to reunite the independent kingdoms in the region. Evidence of early history are abundant in ancient towns like Yeha near Aksum, where old temples and ruins offer a glimpse into the pre-Aksumite civilization.
It was not until the 16th century when the territory made real contact with the Europeans. A relationship with the Portuguese was established, which proved beneficial during the Ethiopian-Adal War to provide munitions and soldiers to the local forces.
During the second half of the century, Ethiopian troops maintained freedom by fighting off Turkish and Egyptian invaders who threatened their independence. The country eventually allied with both Turkey, Egypt, and Britain to combat the Sudanese in what was historically known as the Mahdist War.
The Italian rule lasted only five years, thanks to the leadership of Emperor Haile Selassie II, who oversaw the fight for liberation and outlawed slavery. Despite being one of the countries with the longest history of independence, Ethiopia remains plagued by food shortages, poverty and squabbles with neighboring countries, no thanks to the Dark Age brought about by the communistic Mengitsu Era, which marred their past with wars, state-sponsored genocide and famine.
The communist era ended incoinciding with the disintegration of communism throughout the entire world. Ethiopia established a new constitution in following the revolution, though its political situation remains relatively unstable due to continual conflicts with neighboring Eritrea.
Culture Ethiopians have one of the richest, most well-preserved cultures in the world, with very little influence from other countries. Locals have a strong identity, passing on legends and customs from one generation to the next.
Christianity is the predominant religion, followed by Islam and other traditional animist beliefs. Both Ethiopia and Eritrea were among the first countries in the world to adopt Christianity. Up to 62 percent of the population is Christian, while percent is Muslim. The remaining percent follows traditional religions.
Ethiopian music is extremely diverse and modern influences come from folk music from all over the Horn of Africa, particularly Somalia. Religious music has distinct Christian elements, while secular tunes in the highlands are played by wandering musicians known as azmaris.
Some of the traditional instruments include the chordophone a string instrument that resembles a lute and lyre, played with a bowsaerophones bamboo flutesidophones used for liturgical musicand membranophones hand drums.
Hand woven fabrics often decorated with intricate patterns are used to create elegant garments. Locally made jewelry is stunning, particularly the silver and gold necklaces, which are often worn on the arms and feet.
Traditional clothes are often seen during religious ceremonies, weddings and other special occasions. Ethiopian cuisine is also one of the most distinct in Africa, known for its unique flavors and use of local ingredients.
Some of the most popular entrees include injera and wat. Traditional Ethiopian cooking does not use pork or seafood except for fishas most of the population adheres to Ethiopian Orthodox, Islam and Jewish faith, all of which disallow consumption of pork.Ethiopia: Natural wonders, ancient culture, booming cities and youthful population – this country has got it all Culture/Society.
Ethiopia: Natural wonders, ancient culture, booming cities and youthful population – this country has got it all Culture/Society, News. Full of natural wonders and ancient culture, this vast country. Indeed, the African country imports 90% of finished products from China, which makes the trade balance highly uneven.
Despite the advantages, the business climate is complex in . Ethiopia — History and Culture. The country eventually allied with both Turkey, Egypt, and Britain to combat the Sudanese in what was historically known as the Mahdist War.
The Italian occupation happened during the chaos of WWII, but Ethiopians didn’t have a hard time regaining power. The Italian rule lasted only five years, thanks to. Home» Governance» Ethiopia: An analysis of recent economic growth and potential challenges.
Ethiopia: An analysis of recent economic growth and potential challenges “Ethiopia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for ” United States Department of State. Dialogue on culture and society. Democracy & Governance.
Mar 02, Somalia Culture Somalia is a country situated in the ÒhornÓ of East Africa. It is bordered by the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean on the east and southeast, Kenya in the southwest, Ethiopia in the west, and Djibouti in the northwest.
Feb 28, · The consumption of animal flesh food in Ethiopia has associated with cultural practices. Meat plays pivotal and vital parts in special occasions and its cultural symbolic weight is markedly greater than that accorded to most other food. Processing and cooking of poultry is a gender based duty and.